Mnemonics for Study (2nd ed.)

This 2nd edition includes multi-choice chapter reviews, extra images, and a very detailed step-by-step case study showing how to use mnemonics to learn the Geological Time Scale.

Being a successful student is far more about being a smart user of effective strategies than about being ‘smart’. In fact it is possible to predict how well a student will do simply on the basis of their use of study strategies.

This book is a companion to the book on taking notes, although neither requires you to have read the other. Whereas the book on note-taking encompasses many study skills, including those of selection, organization, and comprehension, this book focuses solely on strategies for memorizing.

Mnemonics is one class of study strategy that is of proven effectiveness, but (like only too many effective strategies!) is used far too little. Despite many studies showing the effectiveness of mnemonic strategies, they remain the least frequently used formal memory aid used by students.

Perhaps the main reason for this is that their effectiveness is not intuitively obvious — truly, no one really believes that these 'tricks' can so remarkably improve memory until they try them for themselves.

But while mnemonics do not help you understand your material, they do help you remember those many details you need to achieve expertise in a topic — details such as the names of things, technical words, lists of principles.

Moreover, mnemonics can help you remember tags or labels that allow you to access clusters of meaningful information — for example, headings of a speech or main points for exam essays. For both these reasons, mnemonics are a valuable assistance to building up expertise in a subject, as well as in helping you 'cram' for an exam.

This concise book covers

  • acronyms & acrostics
  • rhythm & rhyme
  • keyword strategies (including the face-name association method)
  • the story method
  • the loci or journey method
  • the pegword method
  • the link method
  • coding mnemonics

While you can find basic information on these various mnemonic strategies in many books and websites, Mnemonics for Study goes far beyond the same tired descriptions, using the latest research to explain exactly how these strategies work and are best used.

The hardest part of permanently improving your memory is changing your habits and becoming an effective user of effective strategies. The best way to do this, research has shown, is through understanding how different strategies work, and when and how to use them. Through examples and exercises, that is what this book aims to teach you.

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION TO MNEMONICS

What are mnemonics and what are they good for?

Why are mnemonics effective?

About imagery

  • Individual differences
  • Using imagery

Review

PART I SIMPLE VERBAL MNEMONICS

2. FIRST LETTER MNEMONICS

The two types of first-letter mnemonics

How to create effective first-letter mnemonics

Problems with first-letter mnemonics

When first-letter mnemonics are a good strategy to use, and when they’re not

Review

3. RHYTHM & RHYME

Some familiar mnemonic jingles

Singing to remember

Spoken rhythm

Review

PART II KEYWORD STRATEGIES

4. THE KEYWORD METHOD

Some examples to practice

Creating good keywords

How effective is the keyword method?

  • Limitations of the keyword method
  • Remembering for the long term
  • Comparing the keyword mnemonic to other strategies

Tasks for which the keyword method is useful

Using the keyword mnemonic to remember gender

Non-European languages

Review

5. EXTENSIONS OF THE KEYWORD METHOD

More than words

Applying the keyword method to text

The face-name mnemonic

  • Applying the face-name mnemonic to art & artists
  • Applying the face-name mnemonic to animals
  • Extending the mnemonic to taxonomic & attribute information

Review

PART III LIST MNEMONICS

6. THE STORY METHOD

Examples

  • Remembering word lists
  • Remembering text

Pros & cons of the story method

Review

7. THE PLACE METHOD

Using the place method

  • Some advice from antiquity

When to use the place method

Review

8. THE PEGWORD MNEMONIC

Applying the pegword method

Review

9. THE LINK METHOD

Effectiveness of the link method

Review

PART IV ADVANCED MNEMONICS

10. CODING MNEMONICS

A system for remembering numbers

Extending the coding mnemonic with other mnemonics

  • Practical uses for coding mnemonics
  • Dealing with decimals

Retrieval

Other languages may work better!

Using the coding system to extend the pegword mnemonic

Review

11. MASTERING MNEMONICS

What mnemonics are good for

  • Assessing the text and the task

Choosing the right strategy for the task

Choosing the strategies that are right for you

Successful strategies need practice

Review

12. CASE STUDY

Memorizing new words, lists and dates

  • Acronyms
  • Looking for meaning

Chunking your information

Using a Coding Mnemonic to remember dates

More chunking

  • Visuals always help

One era at a time

  • Paleozoic Era
  • Time to review
  • Review 12.1
  • The Mesozoic Era
  • Review 12.2
  • Cenozoic Era
  • Review 12.3
  • Review 12.4
  • Precambrian
  • The big picture
  • Review 12.5

ANSWERS

REFERENCES

Product details

Formats: Paperback, E-book (pdf, mobi, ePUB, Kindle)
247 pages
Publisher: Wayz Press (March, 2018)
ISBN:
978-1-927166-42-0 (paperback)
978-1-927166-45-1 (pdf)
978-1-927166-43-7 (mobi)
978-1-927166-44-4 (ePub)

Alliance of Independent Authors /